Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the consequence of parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over one million people die, most of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The key locations where malaria disease is found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, from the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Enough time needed for progression of the parasite in the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists from your University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step which could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that using the same technology one day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology may be used once to fight other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.