Sciatic nerve pain is more known as sciatica. It’s a form of pain that is because of an irritation in the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the back or lumbar area and then spreads along the thigh, till the knee. The reason behind this would be that the sciatic nerve is located from the spinal-cord in the lumbar area and extends down the buttocks. This is the largest nerve within the body.
The discomfort could also radiate to the hips. It will make walking extremely hard or perhaps impossible. Besides the pain, sciatica also has other symptoms. Someone may also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations through the lower back area, upper buttocks, thigh or the back of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It may be partially or completely relieved by resting.
There are many causes for lower back pain. Usually it really is caused by a lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This may either cause an inflammation or irritation inside the medical advise. Other causes might include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and other injuries. The nerve can be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some cases, it could also be caused by pregnancy.
The three common reasons for sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation develops when someone suddenly bends or twists their waist. If the spinal disc is herniated, it may press on a nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the area for the spinal cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves such as the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is really a condition wherein the sciatic nerve goes through the piriformis muscle as opposed to underneath it. When this muscle is overused or injured in individuals with this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing lower back pain.
To ensure that lower back pain to become treated, it must be diagnosed first. Checking for your symptoms, in addition to a physical exam and health background can help with all the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests including electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are helpful for determining just what the exact cause is.
There are numerous treatments for sciatica. Besides treating the underlying cause, medications and physical therapy will also be helpful. The main goal of medications will be the relief of pain and inflammation. On the contrary, physical rehabilitation focuses on strengthening the back. Lower back stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help individuals with zygolr recovery. Although bed rest is not a total important for recovery, still it helps relieve symptoms in fact it is still being encouraged. On some cases, surgery is necessary to treat sciatic nerve pain. It really is indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is due to a compression of the nerve in the back area. Other times, specialists on pain management are consulted to assist treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.